Maintaining the exceptional environment of the Outback is intertwined with maintaining socially and economically healthy Outback communities. Many of its nongovernment economic sectors – tourism, pastoralism, carbon farming and fisheries – depend on a healthy and attractive environment.

In turn, maintenance of the Outback’s superlative landscapes requires active land management to control wildfires and eradicate invasive noxious species. Underlying this is the imperative for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to care for their individual traditional lands, both culturally and environmentally.